All Foreign Affairs & Security Content

All Foreign Affairs & Security Content

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Last week, President Trump hosted Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, for discussions on an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal and further economic and security cooperation between the US and the West Bank. What can we expect from the US administration and how committed are the parties involved in the conflict?

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Lebanon has seen political stagnation and sectarian tensions for years. As a result of the Syrian conflict, Lebanon has also become the country with the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. To gain a more nuanced understanding of the situation in the country, the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung North America and the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Middle East organized a study tour to Lebanon in October 2016.

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Today’s central line of conflict runs between open societies and various forms of Identitarian radicalism. The challenge we face is to reconcile rapid changes in a globalized modern age with our need to belong and our need for security.

Iraqi and Syrian Kurds have gained increasing international recognition for their efforts in combating ISIS and some observers conclude that the conditions for an independent Kurdistan have never been as favorable as they are now. What are the prospects for a Kurdish nation state? 

NATO strategy
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What are strategic expectations of Member States to be addressed during the forthcoming Summit in Warsaw? Which major challenges will it face? What marks the Polish position vis-a-vis NATO and EU issues? Analysis by former Polish diplomat Piotr Łukasiewicz.

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The recent attacks in Brussels have left everyone in Belgium and elsewhere in Europe in shock. People feel more and more helpless in the face of what seems to be, after the attacks in Paris last November and in January 2015, an increasingly destructive threat.

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Since February 26, a truce has largely prevailed in Syria. However, hardly any improvements to the humanitarian situation in the country can be observed to date. People continue to suffer starvation. That is part of the war strategy.

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After a recent visit to Washington, Sergey Lagodinsky, head of the EU/North America Department at the Heinrich Boell Foundation in Berlin, reflects on Americans’ understanding of the European refugee crisis and the failure to anticipate long-term repercussions for US foreign policy interests.

Last week NATO announced its plan to deploy troops to six NATO members in Central Europe to strengthen collective defense. Security guarantees for the front-line states have been discussed since Russia’s intervention in Crimea. This publication from the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies analyzes the perceptions of governmental and nongovernmental experts in six NATO front-line states. 
 
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Syria and the fight against ISIS is the dominating foreign policy topic in the current presidential debates. The discourse on no-fly zones and efforts to topple Bashar al-Assad show that divisions run deep and beyond party lines. 

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“Helsinki II” is on everone’s lips of late. Yet, the new accord is to be an evolution rather than a mere revision of Helsinki I.

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After the United States and the European Union have lifted economic sanctions on Iran, the country can expect major economic rewards and greater interaction with the international community. This is a success for Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, under whose leadership Iran complied with its obligations under the international agreement to restrict its nuclear program. Dr. Roubzeh Parsi explains the challenges the administration could face after the parliamentary election in February 2016.

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Anyone who wants to create or maintain peace must participate in shaping policy as well as know and make use of all available options, says General Klaus Naumann, Ret.

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Following the attacks in Paris, a global coalition in the fight against ISIL emerged. History seems to repeat itself. What have we learned from the events since 2001, and how did it come to the current escalation?

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We know that there’s war, and that there’s peace—but not that there’s something in between. Yet, the terrorists of the Paris attacks have added a new category to our notion of violence. A commentary by the political scientist Herfried Münkler.

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Those convinced that Israel should not have been created in the first place, or that it no longer has the right to exist, are entitled to their opinion. But they have obligations, too. They must come clean about seeking a post-Israel endgame. An essay by Prof. Dan Rabinowitz

Territorial control of the ISIS, as of October 2015
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As the UK debates expanding its airstrikes to Syria, there is a striking absence of consideration for Syrian civilians. A commentary.

People on the street in New York City
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Shrinking – closing – no space: Governments across all continents villainize civil society actors. Where does their sense of threat emanate from?

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From China to Russia to Iran, voices questioning the universality of liberal democracy are growing louder. How confidently can and should the West stand up for democracy and human rights in the world? 

Foreign Affairs and Security Archive

Intro

The world in the 21st century seems more complex than ever before. The current international system is defined by the multiplication of political actors, a diffusion of power and an increasingly multipolar world. Mirroring the transfer of power to the sub- and supranational level, threats to global peace and security have become increasingly transnational in nature. They include the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, asymmetrical conflicts, and results of climate change in form of resource scarcity and forced migration.

The regional focus of our work in the field of foreign & security policy lies on the broader Middle East as well as Afghanistan. While the scope of transatlantic efforts to advance peace and security goes well beyond that troubled region, common stakes remain particularly high in the Middle East.

Focus on Ukraine