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Energy Transition – All contributions

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In cities such as New York, buildings account for three-fourths of greenhouse gas emissions. Energy efficiency in buildings must therefore be at the heart of any city's climate strategy. This brief policy paper examines lessons learned from the EU disclosure regime in creating a market for energy efficient buildings for cities, such as New York.

The growing clean energy transition and its emerging decentralized actors threaten the traditional business model of large utilities, contributing to a deadlock around laws, regulations, and political support. Solar advocates in Germany and the US can learn from each other’s successes and setbacks in building public support and help pave the way for a “green dream” to become a nonpartisan reality.

Coal contributes more to climate change than any other energy source. It is therefore of utmost importance that the world finds ways by which to tame King Coal, especially as international climate negotiations get underway in Paris later this month. The Coal Atlas - a joint publication by the Heinrich Boell Foundation and Friends of the Earth International - highlights new facts and figures on the state of the global coal industry. 

The European Commission, the European Council, and the European Parliament have all repeatedly called for more regional cooperation in the context of the 2030 climate and energy framework and the Energy Union debate. Regional cooperation can effectively bridge the gap between national renewables policies and a Europeanised approach to renewables deployment While multiple formats of regional cooperation already exist, a “quantum leap” in regional cooperation is required to address the further deployment of renewable energy from 2020 to 2030.

Given the growing interest in nuclear energy generation from Africa countries, this study takes a closer look at nuclear energy from an African perspective and considers the emerging information in relation to nuclear energy supply in the countries that have advanced plans for nuclear- South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya.

The Future of Utilities: Extinction or Re-Invention?
Energy transitions in Germany and the United States are forcing utilities to increasingly reinvent themselves. Energy expert Susanne Fratzscher takes a look at a number of transformative trends that will push this process and outlines how utilities have begun to adapt to new power market realities on both sides of Atlantic.
The German and French Energy Transitions – Have the Two Changed European Energy Policy?

With Germany and France – the two powerhouses of Europe – pursuing parallel energy transitions, one could have expected a shift in the general direction of EU energy policy as a whole. Is this actually happening?

Germany’s Energy Transition: a Blueprint for European Energy Security?

What impacts could the Germany energy transition have on European energy security? Heinrich Böll Foundation trainee Lisa Schmid examines the benefits of transforming and diversifying European energy supplies and argues that a clean energy transition would be, above all, a security project.

Texas and Germany:  Energy Twins?

Geographically and politically, Texas and Germany are on opposite sides of the world, but both believe strongly in competitive energy markets, and both have largely deregulated their power industries. Now both are reconsidering their market designs.

The Socio-Economic Power of Renewable Energy Production Cooperatives in Germany

Energy cooperatives are important players in Germany's energy transition. Their positive socio-economic impact, especially in rural regions, has been highly significant yet not well understood. PhD student and Heinrich Böll Foundation scholarship holder, Sarah Debor, takes a closer look at the empirical evidence. This paper was first published by the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy.

The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2014

Three years after Fukushima, global nuclear power generation continues to decline. This year's report states that the nuclear share in the world's power generation declined steadily from a historic peak of 17.6 percent in 1996 to 10.8 percent in 2013. If it weren’t for the World Nuclear Industry Status Report, we probably wouldn’t know. This is because the nuclear industry is working hard to have us believe quite the opposite: that the world is seeing a nuclear renaissance.

From a small, progressive American city nestled in the Flatiron foothills of the Rocky Mountains to a bustling German port city, citizens and their local governments have come together to decide on the future of energy procurement and distribution in their respective cities.

German Coal Conundrum

The focus on the Energiewende has increasingly shifted to the role of coal in Germany. Arne Jungjohann and Craig Morris take a critical and historical look at the German coal situation and find that coal is in fact not making a comeback in Germany.

Shale gas development continues to cause a heated debate on both sides of the Atlantic with the industry touting the increasing number of jobs within the sector, as well as lower CO2 emissions in comparison to coal and oil. Although both seem to be good news for US and EU policy makers and civil society, such arguments are often exaggerated and do not reflect less promising economic and environmental realities.

Greening the Heartlands of Coal in Europe

The impacts of the German energy transition on its European neighbors have hardly been addressed. In 2013, HBF, in cooperation with the Ecologic Institute, invited experts from the Czech Republic, Germany and Poland to discuss the prospects for better cross-border cooperation arising from Germany's energy transition. This report is the result of the trilateral energy expert group's discussion.

Renewables, by Uwe Nestle

This paper demonstrates that an expansion of renewable energy sources is the only path to a secure, affordable and climate-friendly energy system until 2030 and beyond. Renewables not only drastically reduce emissions and other environmental and social burdens; they also reduce energy import dependency and hence increase energy security, strengthen local economies, and create jobs.

Lessons Learned from Orkney Island: The Possibility for Waves to Churn Out Energy and Economic Returns in the U.S.

Northern tip of Scotland, long known for its waves and currents, is channeling attention from the U.S. and other countries for its dedication to understanding how to harness energy from these elements.

Myths and Facts: The German Switch from Nuclear to Renewables

As a reaction to the nuclear disaster in Fukushima in March 2011, Germany decided to phase-out nuclear power by the year 2022. Three years later, we can see what the temporary effects have been and what the long-term effects are likely to be in the country's energy sector.

Please, in my backyard: How renewable energy cooperatives advanced citizen involvement in the German energy transition

How have renewable energy cooperatives helped German citizens realize the economic benefits of renewables and how have cooperatives fostered public acceptance of the energy transition?

The Energiewende - the Result of a Powerful Mass Movement from Below

Nowhere is the economic impact of the German energy transition more evident than in Bavaria where land owners and farmers have taken advantage of the new incentives to become "prosumers". In this interview with Josef Goeppel, a conservative member of the Bundestag from Bavaria, it becomes clear how German traditional conservatives are grasping the relevance of the Energiewende.