This study is part of the series "No one is safe until everyone is safe - Global perspectives on Covid-19 vaccination" by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung's European Union and Washington, DC offices.
The outbreak of the pandemic could have spelled disaster for Venezuela, already two decades into a political, social, economic and health crisis. The combination of a collapsed national health system and economy, a complex humanitarian emergency, a continuous stream of migration, an internal political conflict with international ramifications, a population with high levels of malnutrition, has seriously hindered the development of a successful vaccination programme. Thus far, Venezuela has administered the fewest number of Covid-19 vaccinations in relation to its population size of all the countries in South America.
Table of contents
Venezuela in Crisis
General Overview of the Pandemic
Complex Humanitarian Emergency: Causes and Effects of the Pandemic
The Role of International Entities
Primary Entities: USA-EU and China-Russia-Cuba
International Entities Within the COVAX Framework
Conclusions and Recommendations