Mega-infrastructure plans and financing and investment policies to promote private investments in the energy, transport and water sectors are on the rise. This publication provides recommendations to policy- and decision-makers on how human rights and environmental benefits can be maximized and risks avoided or mitigated, for the sake of sustainable development. The recommendations call on both the State, relevant international organizations and private actors to understand the potential human rights and environmental impacts of mega-infrastructure projects.
The publication also highlights the positive economic and social benefits of human rights and environmental risk avoidance and mitigation, and of prioritizing the rights of women, indigenous peoples and other population groups who may lack access to affordable infrastructure services.
Mega-Infrastructure: Opportunities and Challenges 9
The Role of the Human Rights Framework 11
Micro-, Meso- and Macro-Level Human Rights Impacts 13
Legal Frameworks Governing Infrastructure Investment 15
Infrastructure Finance: The Shifting Landscape 17
Concluding Remarks and Recommendations 19