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Climate Finance Fundamentals 7: Climate Finance Regional Briefing - Sub-Saharan Africa

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Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region least responsible for global climate change and most vulnerable to its impacts. A multitude of actors are involved in directing climate finance to the region, both to support low-carbon development and to help countries adapt to the severe impacts that are already being felt. The Green Climate Fund (GCF), in 2022 and now nearing the end of its first replenishment period (GCF-1), continues as the largest multilateral climate fund contributing to the region, followed by the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Trust Fund and the World Bankadministered Clean Technology Fund (CTF). For the funds tracked, Climate Funds Update (CFU) data indicates that USD 6.9 billion has been approved for 963 projects and programmes throughout SSA since 2003. Just over a third, or 36% of the approved funding from these multilateral climate funds has been provided for adaptation measures. Grant financing continues to play a crucial role, in ensuring that climate actions secure multiple, people-centred and gender-responsive benefits for the most vulnerable countries and population groups. Recent IPCC findings suggest that public grants for mitigation and adaptation funding in SSA are cost-effective and have high social returns, including for access to basic energy (IPCC, 2022).

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Date of Publication
March 2023
ODI and the Heinrich Böll Stiftung Washington, DC
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