This study is part of the series "Shaping the Future of Multilateralism - Inclusive Pathways to a Just and Crisis-Resilient Global Order" by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung's European Union and Washington, DC offices.
Turkey and multilateral institutions alike, including the European Union, were already struggling with political and economic crises in the years before the pandemic multiplied the sense of catastrophe. As they seek to pull themselves out of the depths of Covid-19, it is time to set aside the divisions that have long stalled progress for all of them, and seek recovery in cooperation and mutual benefit.
Table of contents
Persistent turbulence in Turkey and the EU calls for restored cooperation for a post-pandemic world
Turkey and multilateralism: Whose rejection came first?
Isolation and economic woes hit Turkey’s next generation
Hybrid multilateralism or the persistence of nationalism?