Climate Conference in Dubai

COP28 takes place in Dubai from November 30 until December 12. We have collected our studies, analyses, and commentary on the important points up for debate here.

COP28 will be held in Dubai, where civil society is virtually nonexistant

COP28 is happening at the end of 2023, which will be the hottest year on record. Study after study has highlighted that we cannot afford to further delay the extremely important global energy transformation. More and more countries and international civil society are pushing for a global agreement to a fast, full, and fair - i.e., comprehensive and socially just - end to all fossil fuels - coal, oil, and gas.

But at the same time, there is a big risk at COP28: Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and other risky technologies are being pushed to keep fossil fuels in the energy mix by a fossil fuel lobby showing up in larger numbers than ever.

After a breakthrough at COP27 in the push for a Loss & Damage Fund - which should fund responses to the already happening catastrophic losses and damages from the climate crisis affecting the poorest countries and people the worst - COP28 will feature more debate about its structure and capitalization. As usual, climate finance will be a crucial part of what builds or breaks the trust needed for global collective ambitious efforts. Current efforts to fund climate actions are lacking, including to replenish existing funds such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF). And at the same time, the first Global Stocktake (GST) will report on how dramatically far we are from keeping the global temperature rise at 1.5 degrees Celcius.

Already at COP27 in Egypt, civil society was in a highly restrictive context, facing strong repression locally. In the United Arab Emirates, the situation is even more precarious: there is no active local civil society because of brutral supression. As civil society from around the world gathers in Dubai, this makes it harder to negotiate in the participatory and inclusive manner needed for legitimate outcomes.

For COP28, we have gathered our work on the topics that will be at the top of the agenda. Read what's below to be prepared to follow along.

Loss & Damage

After the unplanned fifth transitional committee meeting, many questions are still open about the Loss & Damage Fund that must be answered at COP28

This chart shows the timeline and required action for a World Bank-hosted Loss & Damage Fund to become a reality.
The shallow, clear blue waters off the coast of the Bahamas are pictured from the International Space Station as it orbited 260 miles above of the Atlantic Ocean.

The Loss and Damage Finance Landscape

Discussion Paper
A Loss and Damage Fund should become the central player in an emerging landscape of arrangements to help developing countries suffering from catastrophic climate change impacts. How can it best fulfill this role?

The Green Climate Fund

The first Global Stocktake is happening now, letting Parties at COP know where efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions stand